Archive for the ‘intensive care’ Category

Duodenal ulcer, can it be cured?

Treatment Medical Care Treatment of duodenal ulcers varies depending on the etiology and clinical presentation. The initial management of a stable patient with dyspepsia differs from the management of an unstable patient with upper GI hemorrhage. In the latter scenario, failure of medical management not uncommonly leads to surgical intervention. Although the therapeutic principles of [...]

Tags: , , , , , , ,

One Touch Ultra Smart UltraSmart Blood Glucose Monitoring System

_ One Touch Ultra Smart UltraSmart Blood Glucose Monitoring System

Tags: , ,

Antibiotic Breakthrough

Since their invention during the last century, antibiotics have revolutionised healthcare. However, excessive use, over-prescription and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant infections means antibiotics being likened to a lit window in the night that flashes open for just a moment before it shuts again, according to Dr Robert Masterton, executive medical director and consultant microbiologist at [...]

Tags: , , , , , ,

Barotrauma and Mechanical Ventilation

Background Barotrauma is a well-recognized complication of mechanical ventilation.  Although most frequently encountered in patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), it can occur in any patient receiving mechanical ventilation. In addition, barotrauma can occur in patients with a wide range of underlying pulmonary conditions (eg, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung disease, Pneumocystis jiroveci [...]

Tags: , , ,

Drug-Induced Prolongation of the QT Interval

In the past decade, the single most common cause of the withdrawal or restriction of the use of drugs that have already been marketed has been the prolongation of the QT interval associated with polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, or torsade de pointes (Figure 1), which can be fatal.1 Nine structurally unrelated drugs that were marketed in [...]

Tags: , , , , , , , ,

Defining acidosis in postoperative cardiac patients using Stewart’s method of strong ion difference*

Objective: To define the true incidence and nature of acidosis in pediatric patients postcardiac surgery, using Stewart’s direct method of measuring strong ion difference. We also wished to compare the ability of standard indirect methods (base deficit, lactate, anion gap, and corrected anion gap) to accurately predict tissue acidosis. Design: A single-center prospective observational study. [...]

Tags:

Non-invasive Ventilation in the Intensive Care Unit

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) · A method of providing ventilatory support without the need for tracheal intubation. CPAP (Continuous positive airways pressure) Bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP©) Advantages of NIV compared to conventional ventilation Compared with conventional ventilation, NIV is a relatively inexpensive and simple technique which prevents the need for conventional ventilation in some patients [...]

Tags: , , , , ,

Lung recruitment

Lung recruitment

Tags: , ,

Flotrac Sensor for Cardiac Output Monitoring

Providing new standards in ease-of-use, flexibility and continuity, the FloTrac system is the next major advance in hemodynamic management When used with the Vigileo monitor, FloTrac sensor provides continuous cardiac output (CCO), stroke volume (SV), stroke volume variation (SVV), and systemic vascular resistance (SVR)* through an existing arterial line. Easy to use, accurate and less [...]

Tags: , , , , ,

Brainstem Death

INTRODUCTION As intensive care practices and facilities improved and became more widely available, it became a more common occurrence for severely brain damaged patients to be supported with mechanical ventilation. There has never been an actual statutory definition of death in the United Kingdom, unlike in the United States of America, and this was one [...]

Tags: , , ,