Archive for the ‘neurology’ Category

Uremic Encephalopathy

Uremia describes the final stage of progressive renal insufficiency and the resultant multiorgan failure. It results from accumulating metabolites of proteins and amino acids and concomitant failure of renal catabolic, metabolic, and endocrinologic processes. No single metabolite has been identified as the sole cause of uremia. Uremic encephalopathy (UE) is one of many manifestations of [...]

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About Meningiomas

Meningiomas are usually slow-growing (benign) tumors that develop from the meninges, the protective linings of the brain and spinal cord. They may be found over the surface of the brain (the convesities), at the base of the brain, or along the folx, a fibrous sheath dividing the right and left sides of the brain. Meningiomas [...]

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Brainstem Death

INTRODUCTION As intensive care practices and facilities improved and became more widely available, it became a more common occurrence for severely brain damaged patients to be supported with mechanical ventilation. There has never been an actual statutory definition of death in the United Kingdom, unlike in the United States of America, and this was one [...]

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Treating Acute Hemorrhagic Stroke

While there has been a virtual revolution in the treatment of ischemic stroke thanks to the advent of tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA), the options for reducing the potential for damage in hemorrhagic stroke are more limited. Nonetheless, progress is being made here, too — especially in the area of prevention. In addition, new research provides [...]

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Guillain-Barré Syndrome

What is Guillain-Barré Syndrome? Guillain-Barré syndrome is a disorder in which the body’s immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system. The first symptoms of this disorder include varying degrees of weakness or tingling sensations in the legs. In many instances, the weakness and abnormal sensations spread to the arms and upper body. These [...]

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